Interior Design Elements

interior design

Professional Interior Designers combine design elements, such as furniture, lighting, and color, to create a space that is both functional and aesthetic. They also take into account a range of factors, including building codes and regulations, healthcare requirements, and ADA standards to ensure that they create environments that are both safe and attractive.


Colors are an important element in interior design because they can change the mood of a space. They can make a room feel cozy or energizing and create a calming or stimulating atmosphere.

The color wheel, which includes the primary, secondary and tertiary colors, is an essential tool for understanding how to use color in your interior design. It also provides an easy way to create analogous color schemes.

One way to do this is by using the 60-30-10 rule, which suggests that 60% of a room should be a primary color, 30% should be a secondary color and 10% should be a neutral color.

You can also play with hues to create different moods and to create a more dramatic effect. For example, yellow can be used to uplift spirits and evoke happiness, while orange can add energy to a room.


Adding texture to a design is a great way to add depth and interest. It can be used to draw attention to a focal point, highlight an architectural element, or create accents throughout the room.

Interior designers often use physical texture when working with furniture and furnishings, or visual texture in colour and patterns in a scheme. Choosing materials with different surface qualities is one of the most effective ways to add texture in a room.

Texture can be both visual and tactile and is a necessary tool for any space seeking to stand out from the rest of the competition. It also can elevate the overall experience of a space and help it feel more interesting, customized, and high-end.


Adding patterns in interior design is an easy way to add personality to a space. However, it can be difficult to know how to mix them and ensure that they complement one another.

When choosing a pattern, it is important to take into account scale. It is best to choose a large print as the focal point of the room and then layer smaller patterns around it.

This is especially important if you are decorating a child’s bedroom. They are very visual creatures and need stimulation.

Tip: Vertical lines create an illusion of height, while repeated horizontal lines make something appear wider and round patterns soften a space.

If you are looking to add patterns to your home, consider using geometric shapes and abstract designs. These styles are simple and versatile, and can be used in both modern & traditional designs.


Lighting is one of the most important factors in interior design. It influences the mood of a room, both on a conscious and subconscious level.

Light can also alter the perception of space and create unique viewing experiences. Professional designers use lighting to manipulate space based on their project requirements.

They can make rooms look larger or smaller, cosy or vibrant, depending on the type of lighting they have chosen.

Combined with other elements, including furniture selection, color selections, room size and availability of natural light, good lighting can transform a space into a seamless combination of style and functionality.

Lighting can also be used to highlight certain elements within a room or even direct attention to a specific architectural feature. This is why it’s so important to consider the different types of lighting when designing a space.